300 Series Stainless Steel
300 Series Stainless Steel
Stainless steel is used in countless applications due to its strength and rust-resistant nature, but not all stainless steel is the same. It all depends on the heat at which the metal is worked and the alloys in the steel. At the Short Iron Store, we carry a wide variety of stainless steels and other metals so that we can supply you with just the right material for your project. Need something lightweight and flexible for art? We can do that. Need something heavy and strong for building construction? We’ve got that, too.
We can cut the metal to the size and length you need, fabricate it using our precise CNC plasma cutter, and transport it to your worksite. If you’re not sure we carry the metal you want, just stop by or give us a call. We’re always happy to help!
Now let’s take a look at the uses and properties of 300 series stainless steel.
What is 300 Series Stainless Steel?
When steel is heated past a certain point, its atoms crystallize and form cubic structures that are either base-centered or face-centered. The orientation of these structures determines how the steel reacts at certain temperatures. 300 series steel is a face-centered steel known as “austenitic”. It is extremely hard and must be cold worked because it keeps its shape at high temperatures. This makes it a good material for objects that will be exposed to extreme temperatures, like the cladding for space shuttles and many culinary devices.
The Properties of 300 Series Stainless Steel
What makes 300 series steel different from the rest? There are actually several qualities.
- It’s popular. 300 series steel is austenitic, which is the largest family of stainless steels and the most widely used throughout the world. It contains the alloys chromium and nickel, and is considered very aesthetic and easy to maintain.
- It’s non-magnetic. Unlike 400 series steel, 300 is not magnetically charged. It is a good choice for tools and medical devices that cannot be exposed to magnetism.
- It’s highly corrosion resistant. In fact, it is the most corrosion-resistant of the families of stainless steel. It can tolerate conditions that would pit or damage softer metals.
- It’s extremely cold tolerant. 300 series stainless steel is a popular choice of building material in extremely cold temperatures. It is used as the cladding on skyscrapers in New York and Chicago, on shuttles and aircraft bound for space, and even in the cold depths of the ocean. It retains its ductility, the ability to be hammered thin, even at cryogenic temperatures.
- It’s 100% recyclable. Between 60% and 80% of scrap steel is reused to make new steel, and every steel bar is made from about 60% recycled material.
As you can imagine, this steel is both hardy and versatile, which explains why it is so ubiquitous in the art, construction, and manufacturing industries. Those aren’t its only uses, however.
Uses for 300 Series Stainless Steel
This metal can be found on the upper portion of the Chrysler Building, the Art Gallery of Alberta, and two of the world’s tallest skyscrapers: the Petronas Twin Towers and the Jin Mao Building. Besides cladding, 300 series stainless steel is used in plumbing and all sorts of water treatment equipment; in food and beverage preparation equipment; and in surgical and dental tools and implantable devices.
Your 300 Series Stainless Steel Supplier in DFW
Its strength, weather resistance, and easy upkeep make 300 series stainless steel a valuable commodity, but we sell all our metals at a fair price. When you’re ready to choose a metal for your next project, give the Short Iron Store a call!
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1128 Blue Mound Rd W #301
Haslet, TX 76052