Full-Length and Short Steel Aluminum Supply and Custom Metal Art
Abrasion Resistant Steel
Abrasion Resistant Steel
At the Short Iron Store in Fort Worth, we are known for our extensive selection of different metals to suit every customer’s needs. We carry aluminums, weathered steel, stainless steel, specialty metals, and more. One type of specialty steel we offer is abrasion resistant steel. This tough metal is through-hardened in a two-stage process that leaves it very hard, but brittle. It can take a lot of wear and tear without wearing down, but it could break if used in structural applications.
If you’re unsure about which metal you should use for your next project, we are here to help! Call us or stop by our shop in Fort Worth to look at our inventory and learn more about the properties of each metal. We stock everything from thin and flexible aluminum to the strongest steel.
Let’s learn more about abrasion resistant steel, how it’s made, and what it’s used for.
What is Abrasion Resistant Steel?
Abrasion resistant steel, or AR steel, is a steel plate with high-carbon alloy content. The addition of the alloys makes the steel easily formable and resistant to weather conditions. Because the alloys are high in carbon, the steel is very hard and scratch resistant. However, the carbon also makes it comparatively weak, so abrasion resistant steel isn’t often used for heavy duty construction projects like skyscrapers or bridges. It performs best in spots where there is significant wear and tear due to abrasion. In these conditions, AR steel lasts about four times as long as structural steel.
Producing Abrasion Resistant Steel
A quenching and tempering method is used to create abrasion resistant steel. The steel ingots are heated to temperature nearing 1,700°F, then quickly quenched with cooling water. When the ingots are cooled in this way, they form crystalline structures at the molecular level. These structures rapidly multiply, increasing the steel’s hardness throughout.
Next, the steel is tempered. This is done by reheating the steel to about 300 – 700°F, then allowing it to cool over a longer period at room temperature. This serves two purposes: it breaks apart the crystalline structures that were formed during the quenching, then allows them to reform as the metal cools again. This keeps the steel hard, but increases its ability to be shaped and flattened.
Uses for Abrasion Resistant Steel
Most uses for abrasion resistant steel require it to strike a precise balance between hardness and brittleness. The harder the steel becomes, the more its brittleness increases. It all depends on what the desired outcome is. If the steel needs to be shaped and formed, it is alright to go with lower hardness and higher brittleness. If hardness is the most important quality, more brittleness can be acceptable.
AR steel is used in many applications, such as body armor, shooting range targets, grates, conveyors, and equipment used in the mining and paper industries, among others. It is not a suitable metal for fabricating self-supporting structures due to its brittleness.
Your Abrasion Resistant Steel Supplier in DFW
Our mission is to provide the best quality metals at a fair price so that you can spend less time shopping around and more time planning your project. Our experts have been in the metal industry for years, and they are always happy to help you with your selection. We even cut and transport the metal for you!
The Short Iron Store is here to help you through every phase of your project. We pride ourselves on our knowledge, honest reputation, and high customer satisfaction. Remember us when you are pricing and planning out your next task. We look forward to working with you!